Facebook Games, Mafia Wars, CityVille, Ninja Saga (Mark Zuckerberg)
Facebook is a social networking service and website that was launched in February 2004 that is operated and owned by Facebook, Inc.. In January 2011 , Facebook has more than 600 million active users. The user can create a personal profile, add other users as friends and exchange messages, including automatic notifications when they update their profile. In addition, users can join a group of users who have a specific purpose, sorted by place of work, school, college, or other characteristics. Service name is derived from the name of the book given to students in the first academic year by university administrations in the U.S. with the goal of helping students get to know each other. Facebook allows anyone aged at least 13 years as a registered user on this site.
Facebook was founded by Mark Zuckerberg with his roommate and fellow computer science students Eduardo Saverin, Dustin Moskovitz and Chris Hughes. Membership website was originally limited to Harvard students only, then expanded to other colleges in Boston, Ivy League, and Stanford University . This site is slowly opening up to students at other universities before it opened to high school students, and eventually to every person aged at least 13 years.
January 2009 Compete.com study puts social networking service Facebook as the most widely used according to monthly active users around the world, followed by MySpace. Entertainment Weekly put it in the list of "best" end of the decade with the comment, "How are we stalking ex- our beloved, remember the anniversary of our colleagues, annoying our friends, and play a game of Scrabulous before Facebook was created? " Quantcast estimates that Facebook had 135.1 million visitors monthly in the U.S. in October 2010. According to Social Media Today April 2010, estimated that 41.6% of Americans have a Facebook account
Mark Zuckerberg created FaceMash, the predecessor of Facebook, dated October 28, 2003 when he was at Harvard as a sophomore. According to The Harvard Crimson, the site is similar to Hot or Not, and use "images obtained from facebook online in nine dorms, put two pictures side by side at a time and prompts the user to choose which one of the most sexy".
To accomplish this, Zuckerberg hacking into the Harvard computer network is protected and copy the pictures private dormitory ID. Harvard at the time did not have a "face book" (the directory containing photos and basic information) students. FaceMash attracted 450 visitors and 22,000 image on the first four hours on the air.
The site is immediately forwarded to several campus group servers, but turned off a few days later by the Harvard administration. Zuckerberg was convicted through campus security, violating copyrights and violating individual privacy, and threatened issued. However, the penalty was canceled. Zuckerberg initially expand this project in the semester to make tools of social studies to art history final exams, with 500 paintings Augusta upload to the website, with one image per page with the comment. He opened the site to his classmates, and they began to share notes.
In the following semester, Zuckerberg began writing code for a new website in January 2004. He was inspired, he says, by The Harvard Crimson editorial about the incident FaceMash. On February 4, 2004, Zuckerberg launched "Thefacebook" which was originally located on the site thefacebook.com.
Six days after the site was launched, three Harvard seniors, Cameron Winklevoss, Tyler Winklevoss, and Divya Narendra, accuses Zuckerberg deliberately distract them so that they believe it helps them create a social network called HarvardConnection.com, while he uses their ideas to create a rival product . All three complained to the Harvard Crimson, and this newspaper started an investigation. Three senior filed a lawsuit against Zuckerberg is finally resolved.
Membership was initially restricted to Harvard College students only, and the first month, more than half of undergraduate students at Harvard are listed on this site. Eduardo Saverin (businessman), Dustin Moskovitz (programmer), Andrew McCollum (graphic artist), and Chris Hughes soon joined Zuckerberg to help promote this website. In March 2004, Facebook expanded to Stanford himself, Columbia, and Yale. The site is then opened to other Ivy League schools, Boston University, New York University, MIT, and slowly a few universities in Canada and the United States.
Facebook incorporated in the summer of 2004, and entrepreneur Sean Parker, who often give advice to Zuckerberg, was appointed president of the company. In June 2004, Facebook moved its operations center to Palo Alto, California. The company received its first investment in month from PayPal co founder Peter Thiel. The company is removing from its name after buying the domain name facebook.com in 2005 with a value of $ 200,000.
Facebook launched a high school version in September 2005 that Zuckerberg is considered as the next logical step. At that time, the network of high schools require an invitation to join. Facebook later expanded membership requirements to employees of several companies, including Apple Inc.. and Microsoft. Facebook later opened on 26 September 2006 to everyone aged 13 years and above with a valid email address.
On October 24, 2007, Microsoft announced that it has bought 1.6% stake in Facebook valued at $ 240 million, giving Facebook a value of $ 15 billion. The purchase by Microsoft include their rights to place international ads on Facebook. Months October 2008, Facebook announced that they will open an international headquarters in Dublin, Ireland.In September 2009, Facebook said that they experienced positive cash flow for the first time. In November 2010, according to SecondMarket Inc.., a stock private company shares, the value of Facebook at $ 41 billion (beat eBay in thin) and became the third largest web companies in the U.S. after Google and Amazon. Facebook has been targeted as potential candidates for an initial public offering in 2013.
Traffic to Facebook increased steadily after 2009. Number of visitors up to beat Google on March 13, 2010. Facebook has also become the top social networking out of eight individual markets in Asia, namely the Philippines, Australia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, New Zealand, Hong Kong and Vietnam, while other brands still retain their top position in several markets, including Google's Orkut in India, Mixi.jp in Japan, CyWorld in South Korea, and Wretch.cc property of Yahoo! in Taiwan.
Most of the revenue comes from advertising Facebook. Microsoft is the exclusive partner for serving up banner ads, and Facebook only serves advertisements that fall into Microsoft's ad inventory. According to comScore, an Internet marketing research company, Facebook is getting data from the visitors as much as Google and Microsoft, but slightly less than Yahoo!. In 2010, Facebook's security team began to expand its efforts to reduce the risk of user privacy. In 6 November 2007, Facebook launched Facebook Beacon which later became the failed attempt to advertise to the user's friends use "what you buy friends".
Facebook generally have a click rate (CTR) for ads lower than major web sites other. For banner ads, they receive one-fifth the number of clicks on Facebook when compared with the Web as a whole. This means that a small percentage of Facebook users click on ads more than other web sites. For example, a user first clicks on an ad on Google search results with an average of 8% in one time (80,000 clicks for every one million searches), while Facebook users click on ads by an average of 0.04% at a time (400 click for every one million pages).
Sarah Smith, formerly Operations Manager Online Sales up, admit that they have an advertising campaign click rates as low as 0.05% to 0.04%, and the click rate for ads tend to decline in two weeks. [evel click on the social networking rival, MySpace, compared to around 0.1%, 2.5 times better than Facebook but still low compared to other web sites. The explanation for the low level of clicks Facebook is that Facebook users are more tech savvy and use ad blocking software to hide ad, younger users more and more clever in ignoring advertising messages. On MySpace, users spend more time exploring its contents, while in Facebook, users spend their time communicating with friends and their attention diverted from advertising.
In the pages of brands and products, a number of companies reported as high as 6.49% click rate for Wall posts. Involver, a social marketing platform, announced in July 2008 that they were trying to gain a level of 0.7% click on the Facebook (10 times more higher than the level of click ad campaigns Facebook) for his first client, Serena Software, who tried to change the look of a 8.000 1.1 million visits to their sites. Studies show that for video ads on Facebook, almost 40% of users who see the video witnessed the whole, while the industry average is 25% for video banner ads.
Facebook has more than 1,700 employees and offices in 12 countries. Regarding the ownership of Facebook, Mark Zuckerberg owns 24% shares of the company, Accel Partners 10%, Digital Sky Technologies 10%, 6% Dustin Moskovitz, Eduardo Saverin 5% Sean Parker 4%, 3% Peter Thiel, Greylock Partners and Meritech Capital Partners between 1-2%, respectively, 1.3% Microsoft, Li Ka-shing 0.75%, Interpublic Group of less than 0.5%, a small group of employees and former employees and celebrities each have less than 1%, including Matt Cohler, Jeff Rothschild, Adam D'Angelo, Chris Hughes, and Owen Van Natta, while Reid Hoffman and Mark Pincus has a rather large holdings in these companies, and 30% remaining owned by employees, a number of celebrities, and foreign investors. Adam D'Angelo, president of technology and Zuckerberg's friend, resigned in May 2008. Some reports claim that he and Zuckerberg started fighting, and he was no longer interested in the ownership of this company.
On 15 November 2010, Facebook announced that they have obtained from the American Farm Bureau FB.com Association with a value that is not mentioned. On January 11, 2011, Farm Bureau announced the "realm of sales revenue" of $ 8.5 million, so the purchase FB.com become one of the ten most expensive domain sale in history.
Users can create profiles with photos, lists of personal interests, contact information, and other personal information. Users can communicate with friends and other users through private or public messages and chat features. They can also create and join interest groups and "favorite pages" (formerly called "fan page" until 19 April 2010), some of which are managed by many organizations for the purpose of advertising.
To prevent complaints about privacy, Facebook allows users to set their privacy and to choose who can view certain parts of their profile. This web site is free for users and take advantage by advertising such as banner ads. Facebook requires user name and profile picture (if any) to be accessible by everyone. Users can control who can see the information they share, is also found through the search by using the privacy settings.
The media often compare Facebook to MySpace, but one major difference between the two sites is kustomisasinya level. Another difference is the requirement that users can set up their original identity, and the steps are not implemented on MySpace. MySpace allows users decorate their profiles using HTML and Cascading Style Sheets (CSS), while Facebook only allows raw text. Facebook has a number of features that can interact with users. One of them is a wall, a box on every page that allows the user profiles of their friends to send a message to that user; dab, which lets users send a "poke" each other virtual (notification telling users that they have dicolek); Photos, where users can upload albums and photos; and Status, which allows users to tell their friends about their whereabouts and actions at that time. Depending on privacy settings, anyone who can view a user profile can also see the Wall the user. In July 2007, Facebook began allowing users to send attachments on the Wall, which is different from the previous wall limited to text content only.
Over time, Facebook added a feature to its site. On 6 September 2006, launched the News Feed that is placed on each main page and notify users of information such as profile changes, the next event, and the user's friend's birthday. This allows the sending of spam and other users manipulation these features to create events anniversary of false or a lie in order to draw attention to the profile or the campaign. Initially, the News Feed led to dissatisfaction among Facebook users; some of whom complain of being too cluttered and full of unnecessary information, while other users take it easy for users to track the activities of a person (such as changes in relationship status, events, and conversations with other users).
In response, Zuckerberg sent his apology for the failure to incorporate the features of this site that you can set your own privacy. Since then, users begin to get control over what types of information that can be shared automatically with friends. Now users are able to prevent a group of friends see updates activities such as profile changes, Wall posts, and newly added friends.
Dated February 23, 2010, Facebook granted a patent to a series of aspects of her News Feed. This patent covers the News Feed when the link is sent so that a user can participate in activities just like other users. This patent is pushing Facebook to take action against sites that violate its patents, such as Twitter.
One of the most popular applications on Facebook is the Photos, where users can upload albums and photos. Facebook allows users to upload an unlimited number of photos, compared to the image storage service such as Photobucket and Flickr are limiting the number of images you can upload one. In the early years, Facebook users are limited to upload 60 photos per album. In May 2009, this limit was raised to 200 photos per album.
Privacy settings can be set for individual albums that restrict group of users who can view it. For example, the privacy of an album are arranged so that only the user's friends can see it, while the privacy of another album arranged so that all Facebook users can view it. Another feature of the Photos application is its ability to "tag", or mark the user in a photo. For example, if a photo contains a user's friends, then the user can tag friends in photos. Such actions send a notice to a friend who marked and give them the link to view the image.
Facebook Notes was introduced on August 22, 2006, a blog feature that allowed tags and planting images. Users can import blogs from Xanga, LiveJournal, Blogger and other blog services. Throughout the week of 7 April 2008, Facebook released a Comet-based instant messaging applications named "Chat" to a number of profiles, which allows users to communicate with friends and functions just like a desktop-based instant messenger.
Facebook launched Gifts on February 8, 2007 that allows users to send virtual gifts to friends who appear on the recipient's profile. Each gift worth $ 1.00 and a personal message can be included on each gift. On May 14, 2007, Facebook launched Marketplace, which lets users send short ad for free. Marketplace has been compared to that Craigslist by CNET, which shows that the main difference between the two is a list that is sent in the Marketplace users can only be seen by users who are on the same network as that user, while the list is posted on Craigslist can be seen by everyone.
Dated July 20, 2008, Facebook launched "Facebook Beta", ie re-design the user interfaces on multiple networks. Mini-Feed and Wall combined, profiles separated into tabs, and they are trying to make it look more "simple". After initially giving users the option to switch, Facebook began to move all users to a new page version in September 2008. dated December 11, 2008, it was announced that Facebook is testing an easier registration process.
Dated June 13, 2009, Facebook introduced a feature "Usernames", ie the pages can be linked using a URL that is simpler as compared with http://www.facebook.com/profile.php http://www.facebook.com/facebook ? id = 20,531,316,728. Many new smart phone offers access to Facebook via their web browser or application. Officially launched Facebook applications for the iPhone OS, Android OS, and WebOS. Nokia and Research In Motion provides a Facebook application on their mobile phone. More than 150 million active users accessing Facebook through mobile phones that are listed on the 200 operators in 60 countries.
On 15 November 2010, Facebook announced service "Facebook Messages" new. On media day, the CEO of Mark Zuckeberg said, "it is true that one can obtain email@example.com address, but it's not email." The launch of these features have been anticipated while before this announcement, with some observers calling it a "killer Gmail". This system, which will be launched to all users of the site, incorporating text messaging, instant messaging, email, and regular messages, and will include the same privacy settings as Facebook service. Dubbed "Project Titan", Facebook Messages take 15 months in development.
According to comScore, Facebook is the leading social networking site based on number of monthly visitors and beating its main competitor, MySpace in April 2008. ComScore reports that Facebook attracted 130 million visitors in May 2010, an increase of 8.6 million people. According to Alexa, Facebook ranking among all websites according to traffic of the world rose from 60 to 7 from September 2006 to September 2007, and is currently ranked 2nd highest in the world. Quantcast and Compete.com put up on the rank-2 according to traffic in the U.S.. This web site is the most popular for uploading photos, with a total of 50 billion photos uploaded. In 2010, Sophos' Security Threat Report 2010 "to a vote of 500 firms, 60% of whom said that they believe Facebook is a social network who has the biggest security threat than MySpace, Twitter, and LinkedIn.
Facebook is one of the most popular social networking site in several English speaking countries, including Canada, United Kingdom, and the United States. At the regional Internet market, the penetration Facebook are highest in North America (69%), followed by Middle East-Africa (67%), Latin America (58%), Europe (57%), and the Asia-Pacific (17%).
This site has won numerous awards such as "Top 100 Classic Websites" by PC Magazine in 2007, and "People's Voice Award" from Webby Awards in 2008. In a 2006 study conducted Student Monitor, a market research firm high student based in New Jersey, Facebook called as the most popular both among scholars, parallel to the beer and less popular than the iPod is ranked first.
In March 2010, Judge Richard Seeborg issued an order approved the settlement group in the case of Lane v. Facebook, Inc.., A group of lawsuits arising from the Facebook Beacon program.
In 2010, Facebook won the "Best Overall Startup or Product" from the Crunchie for the third time in a row and is recognized as one of "Silicon Valley Best Companies" by Lead411. However, according to a survey in July 2010 by the American Customer Satisfaction Index, Facebook get a score of 64 out of 100 and placed in the bottom of all private companies according to customer satisfaction, along with industries such as the IRS electronic file system, airlines and cable companies. The reason Facebook gets a low score that is the issue of privacy, often changing the interface site, given the results of News Feeds, and spam.
In December 2008, the Supreme Court of Australian Capital Territory issued a rule that Facebook is a valid protocol to serve court notices to defendants. This is the first in the world court of law that establishes that the subpoena that was sent through Facebook is legally binding. In March 2008, the New Zealand High Court judge aide Bru, David Glendall file services allow law firms Craig Axe by Axe Market Garden is done through Facebook . of the Company (such as Virgin Atlantic Airways) also use Facebook in order to stay connected with their employees and have fired employees for their posts.
In 2005, the use of Facebook was so widespread that the verb "facebooking" came into use to describe the process of finding someone's profile or update your profile yourself. In 2008, Collins Classic Dictionary announced "Facebook" as Word of the Year. In December 2008, the New Oxford American Dictionary announced this year's word is the verb "unfriend" defined as "Removing someone as a 'friend' on a social networking site like Facebook. For example, 'I decided to unfriend my roommate on Facebook after We had a fight.
In April 2010, according to The New York Times, which has the most Facebook users are the United States, United Kingdom and Indonesia. Indonesia has become the country with the second highest number of Facebook users in the world after the United States with 24 million users or 10% of the total population of Indonesia. In early 2010, OpenBook is established, a parody website (and personal advocacy) that allows text-based search on Wall submissions available to "Everyone" on the Internet.
Author of The Wall Street Journal in 2010 found that Facebook applications transmit identification information to "dozens of advertising agencies and Internet tracking". The application uses the HTTP referrers which describes the user's identity and his friends. Facebook says, "We have been taking action to shut down all applications that violate our rules".
Facebook has faced various controversies. This site has been blocked in several countries including the People's Republic of China, Vietnam, Iran, Uzbekistan, Pakistan Syria, and Bangladesh for different reasons. For example due to anti-Islam and the content of religious discrimination permitted by Facebook, this site is banned in many countries around the world. In addition, Facebook is also banned in some offices to prevent employees wasting time. Privacy and Facebook users also questioned the security of user account has been breached several times. Facebook managed to resolve a lawsuit regarding claims of source code and intellectual property.
The role of Facebook in the U.S. political process emerged in January 2008 shortly before the Introduction of New Hampshire, when Facebook with ABC and Saint Anselm College to work together to allow users to give immediate feedback about the debate between the Democratic Party Repbulik and January 5. debate moderator Charles Gibson to be held at the Dana Center for the Humanities at Saint Anselm College. Facebook users participate in group debates that are governed by specific topics, to register to vote, and send questions.
More than 1,000,000 people install applications 'U.S. politics' on Facebook in order to participate, and this application is to measure the user response to certain comments made by the candidate debate. This debate showed the community about what has been experienced by today's youth : Facebook is the new way that is very popular and powerful to interact and voice their opinions. Michelle Sullivan's article written in Uwire.com illustrates how "Facebook effect" has affected the level of youth voice, youth support political candidates, and the involvement of the general adolescent population in the 2008 election.
In February 2008, a Facebook group called "One Million Voices Against FARC" held a ceremony attended by hundreds of thousands of people protesting the Colombian Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, known as FARC (from the stands for speaking Spanish). In August 2010, one North Korea's official government website, Uriminzokkiri, joined Facebook.
In 2010, a British public health director who led the staff to study syphilis, link and blamed the rise in syphilis cases in some parts of Britain on Facebook. This research report has been criticized by Facebook because it "ignores the distinction between correlation and causality."
In the media
* At the age of 102 years, Ivy Bean of Bradford, England joined Facebook at the age of 108 years and make it one of the oldest person who is registered on Facebook. As inspiration for the occupants of the nursing home where he lived, he immediately known and a number of fan pages created in his honor. He met Prime Minister Gordon Brown and his wife, Sarah, at Downing Street in early 2010. Some time after making his Facebook page, Bean joined Twitter when he reaches the limit specified number of Facebook friends. He became the oldest person using Twitter. At his death in July 2010, he has 4962 friends on Facebook and more than 56,000 followers on Twitter. His death was widely reported in the media and he received the homage of a number of well-known media figures.
* "FriendFace", an episode in December 2008 from a British sitcom, The IT Crowd, a parody of Facebook and social networking sites in general.
* U.S. author, Ben Mezrich in July 2009 published a book about Mark Zuckerberg and Facebook establishment called The Accidental Billionaires: The Founding of Facebook, A Tale of Sex, Money, Genius, and Betrayal.
* In response to the controversy Everybody Draw Mohammed Day and banning Facebook in Pakistan, the Islamic version of the Facebook site was created and named MillatFacebook.
* "You Have 0 Friends", one episode in April 2010 of the United States comedy animated series, South Park, parodying Facebook.
* The Social Network, drama film directed by David Fincher about the founding of Facebook was released on October 1, 2010. The film displays the player ensemble consisting of Jesse Eisenberg as Mark Zuckerberg, Andrew Garfield as Eduardo Saverin, Justin Timberlake as Sean Parker, and Armie Hammer as Cameron and Tyler Winklevoss. The film was written by Aaron Sorkin and adapted from the book by Ben Mezrich in 2009, and distributed by Columbia Pictures. No staff member of Facebook, including Zuckerberg, who was involved in this project. However, one of the founders of the companion Facebook, Eduardo Saverin, is a resource for Mezrich book. Mark Zuckerberg said that The Social Network inaccurate.
Mafia Wars is a simulation game created by Zynga. The game was originally run on Facebook, Myspace, Tagged, and Yahoo. However, since May 1, 2010, Zynga Mafia Wars game discontinue service on Tagged.
Interface similar to Mafia Wars Mob Wars, make Maestri (makers of Mob Wars) furious and demanded Zynga in court due to copyright issues. Finally on 13 September 2009 Maestri and Zynga reach agreement on the numbers 7-9 million dollars.
Currently Mafia Wars has reached the Sixth City, after New York, Cuba and Then Moscow . And in 2010 made the city of Bangkok and Las Vegas. In 2011 made the city Italy and Brazil. In the same year, precisely in September, has opened a new city, ie Chicago after Cuba was closed in March 2011 ago and had also opened for 2 weeks in August 2011, Moscow was closed in April 2011, and the city of Bangkok not escape from the target Zynga to be closed. So, now the city is left only Brazil, Chicago, New York, Italy, and Las Vegas.
CityVille is an online game that can be played through social networks Facebook. Simulation game that carries the theme of building a city is a game that was developed by the social networking game maker, Zynga. The game was officially released in December 2010.
CityVille game was first announced on November 18, 2010, but the game was officially launched in December, with reason, to play Zynga can customize it with users of social networking. This game has 100,000 players on the day of launch, so the game goes into the line of the most popular Facebook applications.
CityVille game is not much different from any other city building simulation game. In this game, allowing us to become mayor of a virtual city, where we were given the task to build and oversee the development of the city to become a large metropolitan city. Assisted with the figures Samntha character, players are given clues from the beginning of the game, so players understand how to play and understand how to use the menus provided.
At the beginning of the game, players are given a small town. Players are required to be able to develop the town into a big city by creating developments such as offices, shops, housing, apartments, and also the factory. In addition to building and other buildings, players can grow crops that results can be used as a supply for some buildings. Players can also visit the neighboring town which is nothing but their facebook friends. When players visit another town, players can perform five jobs can increase revenue and reputation of the player.
The main purpose of this CityVille game, but invites the player to build his own city, the players are also invited to complete some missions. In this mission, players are required to build some buildings, plant some plants, and other tasks to develop the city.
CityVille uses a system of energy restriction, players are invited to be able to set a strategy to use that energy as much as possible. However, the limited energy can be replenished once every five minutes. Total energy as a whole continues to increase with increasing levels of the players.
By using a system of material, some of the buildings which would be built by a player needs help from other players. Thus, this game allows players to exchange goods or barter among fellow players CityVille.
Currency systems are used there are two, namely coins and cash. coin is the currency for buying and selling general merchandise and also a currency coins when the player gets the results from the building. Cash is the currency used to purchase exclusive items and to pay the material when the players are reluctant to ask for help on other players. Cash can be obtained when players level up or can be obtained by paying a sum of money into the account Zynga. As with the Zcoins. Zcoins is the currency gained as a reward and can be exchanged for goods that are available. When a player uses Zcoins, then the coin is the major currencies will not be reduced.
Another system used in this game is the system time. When players grow crops, ordering supplies, and sailing, there are terms of time determined by CityVille until the player can get their supply. In addition to the supply, the system time is also subject to the buildings, so the players had to wait until harvest time arrives income. Time system that is applied is different. There are five minutes, thirty minutes, one hour, eighteen minutes, even two and a half days.
Ninja game is the latest online games from the RPG genre with plenty of enthusiasts facebook from across the country. cheat game on facebook that is booming at this time to invite people to find out and want to find ways how to play the game to the point of looking for cheat. In this game cheat we can mutually leveling contest between friends and most importantly without the need to add neighbor or something like other games on facebook, if you have friends who also play ninja saga it will automatically appear in the recruit friends. Character as in the naruto manga story. You will execute any mission given by the Hokage. If you do not have the emblem then you can only learn two elements of ninjutsu there are 5 elements in this game, fire, water, earth, lightning, and wind.